The Effect of Family Structure on Parents' Child Care Time in the United States and the United Kingdom

47 Pages Posted: 28 Nov 2006

See all articles by Charlene M. Kalenkoski

Charlene M. Kalenkoski

Texas Tech University

David Ribar

George Washington University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Leslie S. Stratton

Virginia Commonwealth University - School of Business - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: November 2006

Abstract

We use time-diary data from the 2003 and 2004 American Time Use Surveys and the 2000 United Kingdom Time Use Study to estimate the effect of family structure on the time mothers and fathers spend on primary and passive child care and on market work, using a system of correlated Tobit equations and family structure equations. Estimates from these models indicate that single parents in both countries spend more time in child care than married or cohabiting parents. There are differences, however, in market work with single parents in the U.S. working more than other parents and single parents in the U.K. working less.

Keywords: time use, child care, family structure

JEL Classification: J1, J2

Suggested Citation

Kalenkoski, Charlene M. and Ribar, David C. and Stratton, Leslie S., The Effect of Family Structure on Parents' Child Care Time in the United States and the United Kingdom (November 2006). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2441. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=947464

Charlene M. Kalenkoski (Contact Author)

Texas Tech University ( email )

2500 Broadway
Lubbock, TX 79409
United States

David C. Ribar

George Washington University - Department of Economics ( email )

Monroe Hall, Suite 340
2115 G Street, NW
Washington, DC 20052 20052
United States
202-994-7608 (Phone)
202-994-6147 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Leslie S. Stratton

Virginia Commonwealth University - School of Business - Department of Economics ( email )

Box 844000
Richmond, VA 23284-4000
United States
804-828-7141 (Phone)
804-828-1719 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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