Reverse Imports, Foreign Direct Investment and Exchange Rates
Posted: 30 Nov 2006
This paper investigates linkages among "reverse imports", foreign direct investment, and exchange rates. As an example we have in mind the competition in the Japanese market of a Japanese multinational firm and a Chinese domestic firm. Products are differentiated based on Japanese consumers' brand name recognition. The model shows that yen appreciation leads to an increase in Japanese production in China and "reverse imports", and a decrease in Japanese domestic production. Due to the barriers in brand name, the exports of the Chinese firm could fall, because the increase of reverse imports may erode the market share of the Chinese firm, even though total exports from China increase. Further, we find that yen appreciation may improve the profits of the Japanese firm and welfare in Japan under reverse imports, against conventional wisdom. The predictions of the model fit well with the actual numbers, and shed light on the current debate on the Chinese currency.
Keywords: Reverse Imports, FDI, Exchange Rate, Brand Name, China
JEL Classification: F1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation