The Effects of Welfare Reform on the Academic Performance of Children in Low-Income Households

58 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2006 Last revised: 14 Jul 2009

See all articles by Amalia R. Miller

Amalia R. Miller

University of Virginia - Department of Economics

Lei Zhang

Antai College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Date Written: March 1, 2009

Abstract

During the 1990s, U.S. welfare policy underwent dramatic reforms aimed at promoting employment and reducing dependence. Although the immediate effects on adult labor supply and family income have been studied extensively, this paper is the first to evaluate the long-run effects on children’s well-being. Using a decade of national math achievement data and controlling for contemporaneous changes in education policy and environment, we associate welfare reform with relative test score improvements for low-income students. Greater gains occur in states with larger initial welfare caseloads and larger caseload reductions.

Keywords: welfare reform, adademic performance, low-income children, test score gap

JEL Classification: H5, I2, I3

Suggested Citation

Miller, Amalia R. and Zhang, Lei, The Effects of Welfare Reform on the Academic Performance of Children in Low-Income Households (March 1, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=948537 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.948537

Amalia R. Miller

University of Virginia - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 400182
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4182
United States

HOME PAGE: http://people.virginia.edu/~am5by/

Lei Zhang (Contact Author)

Antai College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University ( email )

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/zlei89/

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