Strategic Voting and African-Americans: True Vote, True Representation, True Power for the Black Community
Michigan Journal of Race and Law, Vol. 8, pp. 425-469, 2002-2003
46 Pages Posted: 5 Dec 2006
In this article, the author attempts to answer the question of whether or not voting for African-Americans should be the purest disposition of one's convictions or a bargaining chip to be traded strategically. In coming to her conclusion, Burkett explores African-Americans relatively long-standing affiliation with the Democratic Party and exposes the lack of actual representation and vigorous advocacy displayed by the Party, in spite of unflinching loyalty by the Black community. Using the political mobility and cross-voting practices of the Latino community as a model of "strategic voting," Burkett argues that African-Americans would indeed benefit in the political marketplace if it cross-voted similarly. However, Burkett argues that for African-Americans, the vote is not merely a political instrument to be employed in a marketplace. Rather, the vote holds in it the sentimental and powerful duties and rewards of citizenship, which Black people in America were prevented from enjoying, by both law and practice, throughout American history. In addition, and perhaps more importantly, individualist notions of the right to vote trump strong community notions of action in the general American polis. For African-Americans, however, the shared experience of profound exclusion and enduring struggle is what unites the community. With such ties created and re-created in American society, the vote can never be a mere tool; and the goal sought by the vote can never be solely about individual gain. As a result, until the Republican Party provides a more attractive and sincere politics, the Black community will remain, for better or worse, with the better ideological fit. The article concludes with a discussion of the true villain in party politics: the two-party system. As long as American politics remain securely bound to the two-party system, Blacks will remain a voting block; a block that may shift, but a block nonetheless.
Keywords: voting rights, civil rights, race, African-Americans, Latinos, politics
JEL Classification: K19, K39, K49
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation