The Brain, Its Sensory Order, and the Evolutionary Concept of Mind: On Hayek's Contribution to Evolutionary Epistemology
Max Weber Center for Advanced Cultural and Social Studies; Witten/Herdecke University
Journal for Social and Biological Structures, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 145-187, 1992
Based on Hayek's early treatment of the brain/mind problem in his "The Sensory Order", this article attempts to develop a non-inductivist and non-falsificationist evolutionary epistemology. I confront Hayek's psychoneural monism with Popper's "world 3" concepts, and following the Hayekian analysis of the brain I show that falsification is a wrong analogy to evolutionary selection. This is expanded into a naturalistic interpretation of the Sneed/Stegmüller structuralistic approach to theories, which is applied both on physical theories and on the Piagetian view of cognitive development. Finally, I show that this approach can be based on some fundamental ontological assumptions about probability.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 22
Keywords: Sensory Order, Hayek versus Popper, non-falsificationist theory evolution, naturalization of structuralist theory of science, probabilities and propensities
JEL Classification: B40, C70, Z00
Date posted: December 10, 2006