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Ethics, Tax Evasion, Gender and Age: An Empirical Study of Utah Opinion

23 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2007  

Robert W. McGee

Fayetteville State University - Department of Accounting

Sheldon R. Smith

Utah Valley University - Department of Accounting

Date Written: January 2007

Abstract

In 1944, Martin Crowe, a Catholic priest, wrote a doctoral dissertation titled The Moral Obligation of Paying Just Taxes. His dissertation summarized and analyzed 500 years of theological and philosophical debate on this topic, which identified three basic philosophical positions on the issue. Since Crowe's dissertation, not much has been written on the topic of tax evasion from an ethical perspective.

The present paper is an empirical study, the goal of which is to determine the strength of the 15 arguments justifying tax evasion that Crowe identified plus 3 more recent arguments. A survey was constructed using a seven-point Likert scale that included all three positions and all 18 arguments and distributed to 638 students at a large college in the western United States. The 18 arguments were ranked in terms of strength, from strongest to weakest. Comparisons were also made to determine whether responses varied by gender or age.

Keywords: ethics, tax evasion, gender, age, Utah

JEL Classification: D6, E62, H26, J16, J14, K34, K42, M14, M4, O51

Suggested Citation

McGee, Robert W. and Smith, Sheldon R., Ethics, Tax Evasion, Gender and Age: An Empirical Study of Utah Opinion (January 2007). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=955973 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.955973

Robert W. McGee (Contact Author)

Fayetteville State University - Department of Accounting ( email )

Fayetteville, NC 28301
United States

HOME PAGE: http://robertwmcgee.com

Sheldon R. Smith

Utah Valley University - Department of Accounting ( email )

800 West University Parkway
Orem, UT 84058
United States
801-863-6153 (Phone)
801-863-8060 (Fax)

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