Evolution of Environmental Legislation
24 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2007
Date Written: January 2007
This article starts with the recommendations of UN Economic and Social Council recommendation to have a conference. Accordingly UN General Assembly held a conference on Human Environment in Stockholm in 1972. Prior to the Conference India had Wild Life Protection Act. After the conference several laws came into force - Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, Water Cess Act and ultimately the Environment Protection Act. Degradation of wetlands, flood plains, sea grass beds and coral reed let to the evolution of the concept of Man and Biosphere (MAB) concept. As a result the Indian National Man and Biosphere Reserve Committee is constituted. To protect coastal ecosystem Coastal Regulation Zone is demarcated. It divides the area into three. No Development Zone), CRZ II - where construction is permitted, CRZ III relatively undisturbed and do not fall in either of the above categories. The role played by MC Mehta is laudable in bringing several issues such as Taj Mahal Case and River Ganges Pollution case to the notice of the Supreme Court.
JEL Classification: K32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation