Measuring the Propensity to Drink and Drive

Evaluation Review, Forthcoming

37 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2007

See all articles by Anthony M. Bertelli

Anthony M. Bertelli

Pennsylvania State University; Institut Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals - IBEI

Lilliard Richardson

Penn State School of Public Policy

Abstract

Laws such as .08 blood alcohol content, open container, and license revocation provide a policy framework for reducing drinking and driving, yet policy effectiveness relies on their enforcement. The relationship between enforcement and drink-driving behavior is difficult to assess. Unlike property and violent crimes, where incidence statistics can approximate behavior, most drink-driving trips go undetected. We develop a novel measure of drink-driving propensity by estimating an item response model using national survey data. Aggregating to the state level, we find that much of the variation in enforcement is not in proportion to residents predilections.

Keywords: Drinking and driving, measurement, law enforcement, traffic safety, public policy

JEL Classification: C39, K42

Suggested Citation

Bertelli, Anthony M. and Richardson, Lilliard, Measuring the Propensity to Drink and Drive. Evaluation Review, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=956407

Anthony M. Bertelli (Contact Author)

Pennsylvania State University ( email )

University Park, PA 16802-3306
United States

HOME PAGE: http://tonybertelli.com

Institut Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals - IBEI ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27
Barcelona, Barcelona 08005
Spain

Lilliard Richardson

Penn State School of Public Policy ( email )

University Park
State College, PA 16802
United States

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