40 Pages Posted: 15 Jan 2007
We examine a sample of 459 firms filing for Chapter 11 during the period 1991 to 1998 and find that our sample firms experience significant improvements in their operating performance during Chapter 11. Our evidence is consistent with the hypothesis that Chapter 11, if anything, provides net benefits to bankrupt firms. In the cross section, firms with higher debt ratios experience greater improvements in operating performance, and the complexity of the renegotiation process negatively affects the improvement. We find no relationship between Chapter 11 outcome and changes in risk-adjusted firm value in Chapter 11.
Keywords: indirect bankruptcy costs, Chapter 11, bankruptcy
JEL Classification: G33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Kalay, Avner and Singhal, Rajeev and Tashjian, Elizabeth, Is Chapter 11 Costly?. Journal of Financial Economics (JFE), Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=956929