Demand for Higher Education Programs: The Impact of the Bologna Process

30 Pages Posted: 16 Jan 2007

See all articles by Ana Rute Cardoso

Ana Rute Cardoso

Instituto de Analisis Economico (IAE-CSIC); Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Miguel Portela

University of Minho; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Carla Sa

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics; University of Minho

Fernando Alexandre

University of Minho - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 2007

Abstract

The Bologna process aims at creating a European Higher Education Area where inter-country mobility of students and staff, as well as workers holding a degree, is facilitated. While several aspects of the process deserve wide public support, the reduction of the length of the first cycle of studies to three years, in several continental European countries where it used to last for four or five years, is less consensual. The paper checks the extent of public confidence in the restructuring of higher education currently underway, by looking at its implications on the demand for academic programs. It exploits the fact that some programs have restructured under the Bologna process and others have not, in Portugal. Precise quantification of the demand for each academic program is facilitated by the rules of access to higher education, in a nation-wide competition, where candidates must list up to six preferences of institution and program. We use regression analysis applied to count data, estimating negative binomial models. Results indicate that the programs that restructured to follow the Bologna principles were subject to higher demand than comparable programs that did not restructure, as if Bologna were understood as a quality stamp. This positive impact was reinforced if the institution was a leader, i.e. the single one in the country that restructured the program. Still an additional increase in demand was experienced by large programs that restructured to offer an integrated master degree, thus conforming to Bologna principles while not reducing the program duration.

Keywords: education policy, European Higher Education Area, economic, social and cultural integration, count data

JEL Classification: I28, I21, F15

Suggested Citation

Cardoso, Ana Rute and Portela, Miguel and Sa, Carla and Alexandre, Fernando, Demand for Higher Education Programs: The Impact of the Bologna Process (August 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2532, CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2081, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=957234 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.957234

Ana Rute Cardoso (Contact Author)

Instituto de Analisis Economico (IAE-CSIC) ( email )

Campus UAB
Barcelona, Bellaterra 08193
Spain
3436917157 (Phone)

Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE) ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, Barcelona 08005
Spain

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
492283894508 (Phone)
492273894510 (Fax)

Miguel Portela

University of Minho ( email )

Braga, 4700
Portugal

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Carla Sa

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
Netherlands
+31(0)20 551 3538 (Phone)
+31(0)20 551 3555 (Fax)

University of Minho

Braga, 4700
Portugal

Fernando Alexandre

University of Minho - Department of Economics ( email )

Braga 4710-057
Portugal

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