The Shifting Composition of External Liabilities
20 Pages Posted: 18 Jan 2007
Date Written: December 2006
What determines the composition of external liabilities, both across countries and over time? More specifically, which countries account for the massive increase in equity-like liabilities (foreign direct investment and portfolio equity), especially since the mid-1990s? The empirical analysis draws on the newly-released "External Wealth of Nations Mark II" dataset. In the cross-section, we find that larger, more open economies with a better institutional quality score have a greater equity share in external liabilities, which is also positively related to natural resource production. Along the time-series dimension, we find that the shift towards equity financing is stronger among those countries that have undertaken a greater degree of domestic financial reform.
JEL Classification: F21, F34, F36
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation