City Indicators: Now to Nanjing

71 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Daniel Hoornweg

Daniel Hoornweg

World Bank

Fernanda Ruiz Nunez

World Bank

Mila Freire

World Bank

Natalie Palugyai

World Bank

Maria Villaveces

University of Ontario Institute of Technology

Eduardo Wills-Herrera

University of the Andes (Colombia)

Date Written: January 1, 2007

Abstract

This paper provides the key elements to develop an integrated approach for measuring and monitoring city performance globally. The paper reviews the role of cities and why indicators are important. Then it discusses past approaches to city indicators and the systems developed to date, including the World Bank's initiatives. After identifying the strengths and weaknesses of past experiences, it discusses the characteristics of optimal indicators. The paper concludes with a proposed plan to develop standardized indicators that emphasize the importance of indicators that are measurable, replicable, potentially predictive, and most important, consistent and comparable over time and across cities. As an innovative characteristic, the paper includes subjective measures in city indicators, such as well-being, happy citizens, and trust.

Keywords: Cultural Policy, City Development Strategies, Cultural Heritage & Preservation, ICT Policy and Strategies, Housing & Human Habitats

Suggested Citation

Hoornweg, Daniel and Ruiz Nunez, Fernanda and Freire, Mila and Palugyai, Natalie and Villaveces, Maria and Wills-Herrera, Eduardo, City Indicators: Now to Nanjing (January 1, 2007). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4114, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=958174

Daniel Hoornweg

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Fernanda Ruiz Nunez (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Mila Freire

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Natalie Palugyai

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Maria Villaveces

University of Ontario Institute of Technology

2000 Simcoe Street North
Oshawa, Ontario, L1H 7K4
Canada

Eduardo Wills-Herrera

University of the Andes (Colombia) ( email )

Carrera Primera # 18A-12
Bogota, DC D.C. 110311
Colombia

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