Clusters and Rivalry: Does Localization Really Matter?
Scandinavian Journal of Management, pp. 467-489, 2003
23 Pages Posted: 19 Sep 2007
This exploratory study addresses the link between rivalrywhich we regard as a cognitive social dimension of competition and localization. We adopt a visual-mapping technique to collect data on firms belonging to the packaging-machinery geographical cluster in Northern Italy. We can summarize our results as follows. Entrepreneurs identifying rivals within the cluster also tend to cite a larger number of rivals altogether. A firm's proximity to its rivals is a key to a deeper comparison with them. Geographical distance represents a tool for scanning the competitive environment; it is not used as a criterion by which to classify rivalry. From these results, we generate a few propositions that shed a new light on the relationship between rivalry and localization.
Keywords: Geographical cluster, Rivalry, Localization, Visual mapping
JEL Classification: M10, M20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
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By Sarah Kaplan