Pricing-to-Market in a Ricardian Model of International Trade
16 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2007 Last revised: 21 Feb 2022
Date Written: January 2007
We study the implications for international relative prices of a simple Ricardian model of international trade with imperfect competition and variable markups, providing a tractable account of firm-level and aggregate prices. We show that both trade costs and imperfect competition with variable markups are needed to account for pricing-to-market at the firm and aggregate levels. We also show that international trade costs are essential, but pricing-to-market is not, to account for a high volatility of tradeable consumer prices relative to the overall CPI-based real-exchange rate.
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