Social Identity and Social Exchange: Identification, Support, and Withdrawal from the Job

38 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2007

See all articles by D.L. van Knippenberg

D.L. van Knippenberg

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR)

R. van Dick

affiliation not provided to SSRN

S. Tavares

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: June 15, 2005

Abstract

Integrating insights from the social exchange perspective and the social identity perspective on the psychological relationship between the individual and the organization, we propose that evaluations of the support received from the organization and its representatives, and organizational identification interact in predicting withdrawal from the job. Specifically, the relationship of support with withdrawal is proposed to be weaker the stronger employees identify with the organization. This prediction was confirmed in two samples focusing on different operationalizations of support and withdrawal. Sample 1 concerned the interaction of organizational support and organizational identification in predicting turnover intentions, Sample 2 concerned the prediction of absenteeism from supervisor support and organizational identification. We conclude that the present study yields promising first evidence that may lay the basis for further integration of social exchange and social identity analyses of organizational behavior.

Keywords: Organizational behavior, Organizational identification, Organizational support, Social identity

Suggested Citation

Van Knippenberg, Daan and Dick, R. van and Tavares, S., Social Identity and Social Exchange: Identification, Support, and Withdrawal from the Job (June 15, 2005). ERIM Report Series Reference No. ERS-2005-093-ORG, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=960618

Daan Van Knippenberg (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3000 DR Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland 3062PA
Netherlands

R. van Dick

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

S. Tavares

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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