On Southbound Ease and Northbound Fees: Literal Consequences of the Metaphoric Link between Vertical Position and Cardinal Direction
Journal of Marketing Research, Forthcoming
38 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2007 Last revised: 8 May 2012
Date Written: 2009
Consumers are influenced by the metaphoric relationship between cardinal direction and vertical position (i.e., "north is up"). People think it will take longer to travel north than south (Study 1), that it will cost more to ship to a northern than to a southern location (Studies 2 and 6), and that a moving company will charge more (Studies 3a and 3b) for northward movement than for southward movement. Furthermore, people have greater intention to visit stores advertised to be south (vs. north) of a reference point (Study 4), especially when ease of travel is important (Study 5).
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