L'Union Fait la Force? Potential and Limitations of the European Neighbourhood Policy as an Integrated EU Foreign and Security Policy

EUI LAW Working Paper No. 2006/36

31 Pages Posted: 20 Feb 2007

See all articles by Marise Cremona

Marise Cremona

European University Institute - Department of Law (LAW)

Christophe Hillion

University of Oslo - Department of Public and International Law

Date Written: December 2006

Abstract

The external policies of the European Union may be viewed as the outcome of the interaction between the Member States, the European Community (acting in the context of the 'first pillar') and the European Union (acting on the basis of the second and third pillars). This tripartite interaction, which involves a large number of actors operating within different institutional logics, makes it challenging for the Union to conduct coherent policies, or to fulfill its objective of affirming its identity on the world stage (Article 2 TEU). The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) is a particularly developed expression of a policy designed to meet the challenge of ensuring coherence between the three EU pillars. As an alternative mechanism designed to offer coherent policy-making in the cross-pillar context of relations with the EU's strategically important neighbours, the ENP does not rely on new instruments but rather offers a way of integrating existing instruments via 'soft' frameworks, such as European Council and Council Conclusions and Commission policy papers. This paper aims to analyse the ENP as a contribution to the EU's efforts to evolve a more coherent external action. Ukraine will serve as an example, as the advanced implementation of the ENP towards this country offers the best illustration of the policy, in both its potential and its shortcomings. It will demonstrate that the ENP is a cross-pillar security policy, which draws heavily on the specific methodology developed within the framework of the EU pre-accession strategy. It will be argued that while this new formula of external action carries the potential of fostering the coherence of EU external action, its effectiveness, in policy terms, may be hampered by several inherent paradoxes and tensions.

Keywords: European Union, Foreign and Security Policy, European Neighbourhood Policy, Mediterranean

Suggested Citation

Cremona, Marise and Hillion, Christophe, L'Union Fait la Force? Potential and Limitations of the European Neighbourhood Policy as an Integrated EU Foreign and Security Policy (December 2006). EUI LAW Working Paper No. 2006/36, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=963755 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.963755

Marise Cremona (Contact Author)

European University Institute - Department of Law (LAW)

Via Bolognese 156 (Villa Salviati)
50-139 Firenze
ITALY

Christophe Hillion

University of Oslo - Department of Public and International Law ( email )

P.O. Box 6706 St. Olavs plass
N-0130 Oslo
Norway

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
593
Abstract Views
2,313
rank
54,123
PlumX Metrics