Dads, Disease and Death: Determinants of Daughter Discrimination

Center for International Development Graduate Student and Postdoctoral Fellow Working Paper No. 8

47 Pages Posted: 23 Feb 2007 Last revised: 1 Dec 2009

See all articles by Joyce J. Chen

Joyce J. Chen

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Agricultural, Environmental & Development Economics

Date Written: October 12, 2009

Abstract

Existing evidence suggests that girls are differentially affected by income shocks and changes in bargaining power. Most studies, however, ignore household production and confound differential opportunity costs with changes in income or bargaining power. I disentangle these determinants of gender discrimination – preferences, income and time allocation – by comparing households with varying degrees of parental involvement. A household fixed effects model is employed to control for unobservable characteristics which may be correlated with household type. Results indicate that, controlling for household fixed effects, reducing the time available for household production has a disproportionately negative effect on daughters. But, for a transitory income shock, daughters’ education is less income-elastic. Increasing mothers’ bargaining power is most effective in narrowing the gender gap. Failing to account for concurrent changes in time allocation is found to generate substantial bias in estimated income and bargaining power effects.

Keywords: intra-household allocation, education, gender, household bargaining

JEL Classification: I20, J12, J16

Suggested Citation

Chen, Joyce J., Dads, Disease and Death: Determinants of Daughter Discrimination (October 12, 2009). Center for International Development Graduate Student and Postdoctoral Fellow Working Paper No. 8, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=964706 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.964706

Joyce J. Chen (Contact Author)

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Agricultural, Environmental & Development Economics ( email )

2120 Fyffe Rd
Columbus, OH 43210-1067
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.aede.osu.edu/people/chen.1276

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