The Changing Nature of the School-to-Work Transition Process in OECD Countries

45 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2007

See all articles by Glenda Quintini

Glenda Quintini

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)

John P. Martin

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (ELS); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Sciences Po

Sébastien Martin

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 2007

Abstract

Despite the fact that today's young cohorts are smaller in number and better educated than their older counterparts, high youth unemployment remains a serious problem in many OECD countries. This reflects a variety of factors, including the relatively high proportion of young people leaving school without a basic education qualification, the fact that skills acquired in initial education are not always well adapted to labour market requirements, as well as general labour market conditions and problems in the functioning of labour markets. The paper highlights the contrasting trends in youth labour market performance over the past decade using a wide range of indicators. It also presents new evidence on i) the length of transitions from school to work; and ii) the degree to which temporary jobs serve as either traps for young people or stepping-stones to good careers. In addition, the paper reviews some recent policy innovations to improve youth employment prospects.

Keywords: youth labour market, school-to-work transition, temporary and permanent contracts, apprenticeship, youth labour market programmes

JEL Classification: J13, J21, J24

Suggested Citation

Quintini, Glenda and Martin, John P. and Martin, Sébastien, The Changing Nature of the School-to-Work Transition Process in OECD Countries (January 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2582. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=964927

Glenda Quintini

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) ( email )

2 rue Andre Pascal
Paris Cedex 16, 75775
France

John P. Martin (Contact Author)

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (ELS) ( email )

2 rue Andre Pascal
Paris Cedex 16, 75775
France

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Sciences Po ( email )

rue saint guillaume
Paris
France

Sébastien Martin

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) ( email )

2 rue Andre Pascal
Paris Cedex 16, 75775
France

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