On Bayesian Analysis and Unit Root Testing for Autoregressive Models in the Presence of Multiple Structural Breaks
34 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2007 Last revised: 29 Jan 2016
Date Written: January 1, 2016
In this paper we suggest a Bayesian approach for inferring stationary autoregressive models allowing for possible structural changes (known as breaks) in both the mean and the error variance of economic series occuring at unknown times. Efficient Bayesian inference for the unknown number and positions of the structural breaks is performed by using filtering recursions similar to those of the forward-backward algorithm. A Bayesian approach to unit root testing is also proposed, based on the comparison of stationary autoregressive models with multiple breaks to their counterpart unit root models. In the Bayesian setting, the unknown initial conditions are treated as random variables, which is particularly appropriate in unit root testing. Simulation experiments are conducted with the aim to assess the performance of the suggested inferential procedure, as well as to investigate if the Bayesian model comparison approach can distinguish unit root models from stationary autoregressive models with multiple structural breaks in the parameters. The proposed method is applied to key economic series with the aim to investigate whether they are subject to shifts in the mean and/or the error variance. The latter has recently received an economic policy interest as improved monetary policies have also as a target to reduce the volatility of economic series.
Keywords: Autoregressive models, Bayesian inference, Forward-backward algorithm, Model comparison, Non-linear representation, Structural breaks, Unit root testing
JEL Classification: C11, C22, G10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation