A Fast and Accurate FFT-Based Method for Pricing Early-Exercise Options Under Levy Processes
23 Pages Posted: 28 Feb 2007
Date Written: February 27, 2007
A fast and accurate method for pricing early exercise and certain exotic options in computational finance is presented. The method is based on a quadrature technique and relies heavily on Fourier transformations. The main idea is to reformulate the well-known risk-neutral valuation formula by recognising that it is a convolution. The resulting convolution is dealt with numerically by using the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT). This novel pricing method, which we dub the Convolution method, CONV for short, is applicable to a wide variety of payoffs and only requires the knowledge of the characteristic function of the model. As such the method is applicable within exponential Lévy models, including the exponentially affine jump-diffusion models. For an M-times exercisable Bermudan option, the overall complexity is O(MN log(N)) with N grid points used to discretise the price of the underlying asset. It is shown how to price American options efficiently by applying Richardson extrapolation to the prices of Bermudan options.
Keywords: Option pricing , Bermudan options, American options, convolution, Lévy processes, Fast Fourier Transform
JEL Classification: C63, G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
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By Steven Kou