The Lending Channel in Emerging Economies: Are Foreign Banks Different?

54 Pages Posted: 13 Mar 2007

See all articles by Marco Arena

Marco Arena

World Bank

Carmen M. Reinhart

Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Francisco Vazquez

International Monetary Fund

Date Written: March 2007

Abstract

This paper exploits a panel dataset comprising 1,565 banks in 20 emerging countries during 1989-2001 and compares the response of the volume of loans and the rates on loans and deposits to various measures of monetary conditions across domestic and foreign banks. It also looks for systematic differences in the behavior of domestic and foreign banks during periods of financial distress and tranquil times. Using differences in bank ownership as a proxy for financial constraints, the paper finds weak evidence that foreign banks have a lower sensitivity of credit to monetary conditions relative to their domestic competitors, with the differences driven by banks with lower asset liquidity and/or capitalization. The lending and deposit rates of foreign banks tend to be smoother during periods of financial distress. However, the differences across domestic and foreign banks do not appear to be strong. These results provide weak support to the existence of supply-side effects in credit markets and suggest that foreign bank entry in emerging countries may have contributed somewhat to stability in credit markets.

Keywords: Lending channel, monetary transmission, credit markets, foreign banks

JEL Classification: E51, G21

Suggested Citation

Arena, Marco and Reinhart, Carmen M. and Vazquez, Francisco, The Lending Channel in Emerging Economies: Are Foreign Banks Different? (March 2007). IMF Working Papers, Vol. , pp. 1-52, 2007. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=969862

Marco Arena

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Carmen M. Reinhart

Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics ( email )

1750 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Francisco Vazquez (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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