Optimal Mortgage Design

52 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2007 Last revised: 20 Aug 2011

See all articles by Tomasz Piskorski

Tomasz Piskorski

Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance

Alexei Tchistyi

Cornell SC Johnson College of Business

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 1, 2009

Abstract

This paper studies optimal mortgage design in a continuous time setting with volatile and privately observable income, costly foreclosure, and a stochastic market interest rate. We show that the features of the optimal mortgage are consistent with an option adjustable-rate mortgage (option ARM). Under the optimal contract, the borrower is given discretion of how much to repay until his balance reaches a certain limit. The default rates and interest rate payment on the mortgage correlate positively with the market interest rate. Gains from using the optimal contract relative to simpler mortgages are the biggest for those who face more income variability, buy pricey houses given their income level or make little or no downpayment. Our model thus may help to explain a high concentration of option ARMs among riskier borrowers.

Keywords: optimal mortgage design, dynamic security design, alternative mortgage products, option ARM

JEL Classification: G20, G21, G33

Suggested Citation

Piskorski, Tomasz and Tchistyi, Alexei, Optimal Mortgage Design (December 1, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=971223 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.971223

Tomasz Piskorski

Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

Alexei Tchistyi (Contact Author)

Cornell SC Johnson College of Business ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14850
United States

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