Hayek's Theory of Social Evolution in the Light of Darwin's Descent of Man

International Centre for Economic Research Working Paper No. 4/2007

24 Pages Posted: 23 Mar 2007

See all articles by Alain Marciano

Alain Marciano

Université de Montpellier; Université Montpellier I - Montpellier Recherche en Economie (Montpellier Research in Economics) MRE

Date Written: March 2007

Abstract

This article proposes to reassess Hayek's theory of cultural evolution in the light of Darwin's Descent of Man. It is shown that Hayek and Darwin refers to the same theory of human nature which is borrowed from the founding fathers of political economy, Hume and Smith. Their respective conceptions of order, as well as the mechanisms and the product of evolution are then the consequence of this theory of human nature.

Keywords: Cultural evolution, Biological evolution, Darwin, Hayek

JEL Classification: A 11, B 52

Suggested Citation

Marciano, Alain, Hayek's Theory of Social Evolution in the Light of Darwin's Descent of Man (March 2007). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=972873 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.972873

Alain Marciano (Contact Author)

Université de Montpellier ( email )

Avenue Raymond Dugrand, CS 79606
Montpellier Cedex 1, F-34000
France

Université Montpellier I - Montpellier Recherche en Economie (Montpellier Research in Economics) MRE ( email )

Montpellier
France

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