References (35)



Five Dimensions of Effective Leadership: A Meta-Analysis of Leadership Attributes & Behaviors

B. Tim Lowder

Saint Leo University

March 21, 2007

This paper performs a meta-analysis of research on leadership excellence and develops a construct for positive leadership development within an organization. First, the analysis presents two perspectives of positive leadership attributes and behaviors. Second, the open systems and actors operative paradigm is presented within the framework of the paper's analysis of leadership. In addition, the analysis demonstrates why the rational and open systems perspective is an effective tool for the analysis of leadership. Third, a dichotomous framework involving vice and virtue attributes are developed for understanding both positive and negative dark leadership. Fourth, the meta-analysis presents five dimensions of leadership attributes and behaviors. Fifth, a leadership evaluation construct is created that consists of positive leadership attributes and behaviors. Lastly, a methodology is presented for implementing the leadership construct developed in this paper within an organization.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 29

Keywords: Leadership, meta-analysis, construct, leader, behavior, attributes, dark leadership, negative leadership, positive leadership, open systems, general systems, theory, human resources, personnel, management, organization, organizational, dimensions, framework, actors approach, methodology

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Date posted: April 28, 2009 ; Last revised: June 7, 2009

Suggested Citation

Lowder, B. Tim, Five Dimensions of Effective Leadership: A Meta-Analysis of Leadership Attributes & Behaviors (March 21, 2007). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=975559 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.975559

Contact Information

B. Tim Lowder (Contact Author)
Saint Leo University ( email )
33701 State Road 52
PO Box 6665
Saint Leo, FL 33574-6665
United States
843-245-7583 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.saintleo.edu
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