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https://ssrn.com/abstract=975929
 
 

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Segregation and the Black-White Test Score Gap


Jacob L. Vigdor


National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Jens Ludwig


Georgetown University - Public Policy Institute (GPPI); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

March 2007

NBER Working Paper No. w12988

Abstract:     
The mid-1980s witnessed breaks in two important trends related to race and schooling. School segregation, which had been declining, began a period of relative stasis. Black-white test score gaps, which had also been declining, also stagnated. The notion that these two phenomena may be related is also supported by basic cross-sectional evidence. We review existing literature on the relationship between neighborhood- and school-level segregation and the test score gap. Several recent studies point to a statistically significant causal relationship between school segregation and the test score gap, though in many cases the magnitude of the relationship is small in economic terms. Experimental studies, as well as methodologically convincing non-experimental studies, suggest that there is little if any causal role for neighborhood segregation operating through a mechanism other than school segregation.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 37


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Date posted: March 23, 2007  

Suggested Citation

Vigdor, Jacob L. and Ludwig, Jens, Segregation and the Black-White Test Score Gap (March 2007). NBER Working Paper No. w12988. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=975929

Contact Information

Jacob L. Vigdor (Contact Author)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Jens Ludwig
Georgetown University - Public Policy Institute (GPPI) ( email )
3600 N Street, NW Suite 200
Washington, DC 20057
United States
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
IZA Institute of Labor Economics
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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