A Global Market for Judicial Services
69 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2007 Last revised: 3 Mar 2015
Date Written: March 15, 2007
The world's nations vary widely in the quality of their judicial systems. In some jurisdictions, the courts resolve disputes quickly, fairly, and economically. In others, they are slow, inefficient, biased, incompetent, or corrupt. These differences are important not just for litigants, but for nations as a whole: effective courts are important for economic development.
A natural implication is that countries with underperforming judiciaries should reform their courts. Yet reform is both difficult and slow. Another way to deal with a dysfunctional court system is for litigants from afflicted nations to have their cases adjudicated in the courts of other nations that have better-functioning judicial systems. We explore here the promise of such cross-jurisdictional litigation, and the reforms needed to make it succeed.
The issue is timely. The increasing pace of global commerce is creating pressures for legal reforms that will dramatically improve the legal environment for litigating across borders. Moreover, advances in transportation and telecommunications are making it increasingly practical for parties to litigate in remote courts. Just as residents of New York City now commonly obtain assistance with utility bills and computer software telephonically from service personnel in Bangalore, it should become possible for merchants in Bangalore to have their disputes decided in New York courts via the internet.
Keywords: Judicial services, arbitration, courts, competition, choice of forum, international litigation, choice of law, corporations, regulatory competition, development
JEL Classification: F13, K12, K33, K41, O19
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation