The Welfare Effects of a Large Depreciation: The Case of Egypt, 2000-05

35 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Aart Kraay

Aart Kraay

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: April 1, 2007


The Egyptian pound depreciated sharply between 2000 and 2005, declining by 26 percent in nominal trade-weighted terms. The author investigates the effect of the large depreciation on household welfare operating through exchange rate-induced changes in consumer prices. He estimates exchange rate pass-through regressions using disaggregated monthly consumer price indices to isolate the impact of the exchange rate changes on consumer prices. Then he uses household-level data from the 2000 and 2005 Egyptian household surveys to quantify the welfare effects of these consumer price changes at the household level. The average welfare loss due to exchange rate-induced price increases was equivalent to 7.4 percent of initial expenditure. Stronger estimated exchange rate pass-through for food items imply that this effect disproportionately affected poorer households.

Keywords: Markets and Market Access, Access to Markets, Economic Theory & Research, Poverty Lines, Commodities

Suggested Citation

Kraay, Aart, The Welfare Effects of a Large Depreciation: The Case of Egypt, 2000-05 (April 1, 2007). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4182. Available at SSRN:

Aart Kraay (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-5756 (Phone)
202-522-3518 (Fax)


Register to save articles to
your library


Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics