The Labour Market Position of Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands: Reason for Migration, Naturalisation and Language Proficiency

33 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2007

See all articles by Rob Euwals

Rob Euwals

CPB Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Research; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Jaco Dagevos

Social and Cultural Planning Office

Mérove Gijsberts

Social and Cultural Planning Office

Hans Roodenburg

CPB Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Analysis

Date Written: March 2007

Abstract

On the basis of the German Socio-Economic Panel 2002 and the Dutch Social Position and Use of Provision Survey 2002, we investigate the importance of characteristics related to immigration for the labour market position of Turkish immigrants. We use regression techniques to correct for composition effects in employment rates, tenured job rates and job prestige scores (ISEI). First, we find that educational attainment and language proficiency have a higher return in the Netherlands than in Germany. Second, we find that second generation immigrants have improved their labour market position relative to the first generation of labour migrants and their partners. The improvement is largely due to an improvement in educational attainment and language proficiency. Third, for the Netherlands we find a positive relation between naturalisation and labour market position, while for Germany we find a negative relation with tenured employment. The contrasting results on tenured employment may be explained partly by differences in immigration rules. In Germany economic self-reliance is more important than in the Netherlands, and this may lead to a stronger incentive to naturalise for workers with a temporary contract.

Keywords: immigration, labour market, naturalisation, language proficiency

JEL Classification: C25, F22, J15, J61

Suggested Citation

Euwals, Rob and Dagevos, Jaco and Gijsberts, Mérove and Roodenburg, Hans, The Labour Market Position of Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands: Reason for Migration, Naturalisation and Language Proficiency (March 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2683, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=978780 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.978780

Rob Euwals (Contact Author)

CPB Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Research ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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Jaco Dagevos

Social and Cultural Planning Office ( email )

PO Box 16164
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Netherlands

Mérove Gijsberts

Social and Cultural Planning Office ( email )

PO Box 16164
2500 BD The Hague
Netherlands

Hans Roodenburg

CPB Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Analysis ( email )

P.O. Box 80510
2508 GM The Hague, 2585 JR
Netherlands

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