The Aftermath of Civil War

35 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Siyan Chen

Siyan Chen

World Bank

Norman Loayza

World Bank - Research Department

Marta Reynal-Querol

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 2007

Abstract

Using an "event-study" methodology, this paper analyzes the aftermath of civil war in a cross-section of countries. It focuses on those experiences where the end of conflict marks the beginning of a relatively lasting peace. The paper considers 41 countries involved in internal wars in the period 1960-2003. In order to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the aftermath of war, the paper considers a host of social areas represented by basic indicators of economic performance, health and education, political development, demographic trends, and conflict and security issues. For each of these indicators, the paper first compares the post- and pre-war situations and then examines their dynamic trends during the post-conflict period. It conducts this analysis both in absolute and relative terms, the latter in relation to control groups of otherwise similar countries. The paper concludes that, even though war has devastating effects and its aftermath can be immensely difficult, when the end of war marks the beginning of lasting peace, recovery and improvement are indeed achieved.

Keywords: Population Policies, Peace & Peacekeeping, Post Conflict Reintegration, Services & Transfers to Poor, Social Conflict and Violence, Civil War

JEL Classification: O10, O57

Suggested Citation

Chen, Siyan and Loayza, Norman and Reynal-Querol, Marta, The Aftermath of Civil War (July 2007). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4190. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=979662

Siyan Chen

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Norman Loayza

World Bank - Research Department ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Marta Reynal-Querol (Contact Author)

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
93 5422590 (Phone)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-458-7891 (Phone)

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