The Gender Wage Gap in Chile 1992-2003 from a Matching Comparisons Perspective

42 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2007

See all articles by Hugo Ñopo

Hugo Ñopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 2007

Abstract

This paper analyzes the evolution of the gender wage gap in Chile during the period 1992 to 2003 using the decomposition approach developed in Ñopo (2004). This approach, which decomposes the wage gap into four additive elements, stresses the need for comparisons inside the common support for the distributions of observable characteristics of individuals. Also, it allows an analysis of the distribution of unexplained differences in wages (not only the averages). The results suggest that, besides the high educational attainment of females, there are noticeable gender wage gaps in Chile favoring males. These unexplained differences in wages, which move around 25 percent of average female wages, show no clear tendency during the period of analysis. The wage gaps are higher at the highest percentiles of the wage distribution, among those with higher educational attainment, among directors and among part-time workers. The technique also detects some evidence of a glass-ceiling effect in Chilean labor markets, such that for some occupations and particular combinations of observable characteristics, there are highly paid males but not females.

Keywords: matching, non-parametric, gender wage gap, Latin America

JEL Classification: C14, D31, J16, O54

Suggested Citation

Nopo, Hugo, The Gender Wage Gap in Chile 1992-2003 from a Matching Comparisons Perspective (March 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2698. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=981176

Hugo Nopo (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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