Effects of Education on Determinants of High Desired Fertility: Evidence from Ugandan Villages

22 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2007

See all articles by Michal Bauer

Michal Bauer

Charles University in Prague - Institute of Economic Studies; CERGE-EI

Julie Chytilová

Charles University in Prague - Department of Economics

Pavel Streblov

Institute of Economic Studies

Date Written: 2006

Abstract

High desired fertility is an important factor contributing to the population explosion in sub-Saharan Africa. On a broad sample of 910 respondents from the rural areas of Uganda this paper assesses the impact of health risks, economic contributions from children, traditional community institutions and unequal position of women on desired fertility levels. The paper further scrutinizes how these determinants are affected by education.

The results show that fear of diseases and involvement in traditional clan institutions increase desired number of children. Interestingly, these effects can be remarkably mitigated through education that improves the individual health prevention as well as reduces the influence of clans. Economic incentives for having children seem to be less significant than other factors. In addition, a very significant difference in desired fertility between men and women emerges, nevertheless education leads both to reduction and convergence of their desired fertility levels. All these findings suggest that education stimulates a complex change in fertility preferences and underline the importance of education as efficient tool for reducing rapid population growth.

Keywords: fertility, education, development, demography

JEL Classification: I1, I2, J1

Suggested Citation

Bauer, Michal and Chytilová, Julie and Streblov, Pavel, Effects of Education on Determinants of High Desired Fertility: Evidence from Ugandan Villages (2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=981329 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.981329

Michal Bauer (Contact Author)

Charles University in Prague - Institute of Economic Studies ( email )

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Prague 1, 110 00
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HOME PAGE: http://ies.fsv.cuni.cz/index.php?module=kernel&action=user&id_user=183&lng=en_GB

CERGE-EI ( email )

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Julie Chytilová

Charles University in Prague - Department of Economics ( email )

Opletalova 26
Prague 1, 163 00
Czech Republic

HOME PAGE: http://ies.fsv.cuni.cz/index.php?module=kernel&action=user&id_user=130&lng=cs_CZ

Pavel Streblov

Institute of Economic Studies ( email )

Opletalova 26
Prague 1, 163 00
Czech Republic

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