Housing, Health, and Happiness

36 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Matias D. Cattaneo

Matias D. Cattaneo

Princeton University

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Paul J. Gertler

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Sebastian Martinez

World Bank

Rocío Titiunik

Princeton University

Date Written: 08/01/2007

Abstract

Despite the importance of housing for people's well-being, there has been little work done to assess the causal impact of housing and housing improvement programs on health and welfare. In this paper the authors help fill this gap by investigating the impact of a large-scale effort by the Mexican government to replace dirt floors with cement floors on child health and adult happiness. They find that replacing dirt floors with cement floors significantly reduces parasitic infestations in young children, reduces diarrhea, reduces anemia, and improves cognitive development. Finally, they also find that this program leave adults substantially better off, as measured by satisfaction with their housing and quality of life and by their significantly lower rates of depression and perceived stress.

Keywords: Health Monitoring&Evaluation, Disease Control&Prevention, Housing&Human Habitats, Access to Finance, Construction Industry

Suggested Citation

Cattaneo, Matias D. and Galiani, Sebastian and Gertler, Paul J. and Martinez, Sebastian and Titiunik, Rocío, Housing, Health, and Happiness (08/01/2007). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4214, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=981822

Matias D. Cattaneo

Princeton University ( email )

Princeton, NJ 08544
United States

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

Paul J. Gertler

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business ( email )

545 Student Services Building, #1900
2220 Piedmont Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States
510-642-1418 (Phone)
510-642-4700 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Sebastian Martinez

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Rocío Titiunik (Contact Author)

Princeton University ( email )

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