Globalization and the Dynamics of Cultural Identity

33 Pages Posted: 8 May 2007

See all articles by Jacques Olivier

Jacques Olivier

HEC Paris - Finance Department; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Mathias Thoenig

Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées (ENPC) - Centre d'Enseignement et de Recherche en Analyse Socio-Economique (CERAS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); University of Geneva - Department of Political Economics

Thierry Verdier

Paris School of Economics (PSE); Delta - Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Date Written: April 2007

Abstract

This paper presents a simple model where microfounded dynamics of cultural identity are endogenous and interact with an international trade equilibrium. This process generates a strong home bias under autarky. We then show that goods market integration causes a phenomenon of cultural divergence, whereby the distributions of cultures become more dissimilar across countries and one of the cultures that existed under autarky ultimately disappears. By way of contrast, we show that social integration causes cultural convergence and can counterbalance the effects of goods market integration.

Keywords: Cultural Identity, Cultural Transmission, International Trade

JEL Classification: F02, F10, Z10, Z13

Suggested Citation

Olivier, Jacques and Thoenig, Mathias and Verdier, Thierry, Globalization and the Dynamics of Cultural Identity (April 2007). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=982386 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.982386

Jacques Olivier (Contact Author)

HEC Paris - Finance Department ( email )

1 rue de la Liberation
Jouy-en-Josas Cedex, 78351
France
+33 1 3967 7297 (Phone)
+33 1 3967 7085 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Mathias Thoenig

Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées (ENPC) - Centre d'Enseignement et de Recherche en Analyse Socio-Economique (CERAS) ( email )

28, rue des Saints-Peres
75007 Paris
France
+33 1 4313 6380 (Phone)
+33 1 4313 6382 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

University of Geneva - Department of Political Economics ( email )

40 boulevard du Pont-d'Arve
Geneva 4, CH-1211
Switzerland
+41 22 379 8274 (Phone)
+41 22 379 8293 (Fax)

Thierry Verdier

Paris School of Economics (PSE) ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014
France

Delta - Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS) ( email )

48, Boulevard Jourdan
75014 Paris
France
+33 1 4313 6308 (Phone)
+33 1 4313 6310 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

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