Gender Inequalities in Allocating Time to Paid and Unpaid Work: Evidence from Bolivia

Levy Economics Institute Working Paper No. 495

18 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2007

See all articles by Marcelo Medeiros

Marcelo Medeiros

IPEA - Institute for Applied Economic Research; UnB - University of Brasilia

Rafael Guerreiro Osorio

UNDP - Poverty Centre

Joana Costa

International Poverty Centre; University of Brazil

Date Written: April 2007

Abstract

This working paper analyzes paid and unpaid work-time inequalities among Bolivian urban adults using time use data from a 2001 household survey. We identified a gender-based division of labor characterized not so much by who does what type of work but by how much work of each type they do. There is a trade-off between paid and unpaid work, but this trade-off is only partial: women's entry into the labor market tends to result in a double shift of paid and unpaid work. We also find very high levels of within-group inequality in the distributions of paid and unpaid work-time for men and women, a sign that, beyond the sexual division of labor, subgroup differentiation is also important. Using decompositions of the inequality in the distribution of total time spent at work, we show that gender plays an important role in determining the proportion of paid to unpaid work done by individuals, but it plays a lesser role in determining the higher total workload of some individuals relative to others.

Keywords: Time Use, Domestic Labor, Unpaid Work, Double Shift, Sexual Division of Labor

JEL Classification: J16, J22

Suggested Citation

Medeiros, Marcelo and Osório, Rafael Guerreiro and Costa, Joana, Gender Inequalities in Allocating Time to Paid and Unpaid Work: Evidence from Bolivia (April 2007). Levy Economics Institute Working Paper No. 495, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=982848 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.982848

Marcelo Medeiros (Contact Author)

IPEA - Institute for Applied Economic Research ( email )

SBS-01, Ed. BNDES
1610
Brasilia, DF 70076-900
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://www.ipea.gov.br

UnB - University of Brasilia ( email )

Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro
Brasilia, Distrito Federal 70910-900
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://buscatextual.cnpq.br/buscatextual/visualizacv.do?metodo=apresentar&id=K4798836T3

Rafael Guerreiro Osório

UNDP - Poverty Centre ( email )

SBS- Ed.BNDES, 10° andar
70.076-900- Brasilia-DF
Brazil
556121055000 (Phone)
556121055001 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.undp-povertycentre.org

Joana Costa

International Poverty Centre ( email )

SBS- Ed.BNDES, 10° andar
70.076-900- Brasilia-DF
Brazil

University of Brazil

Campus Universitario Darcy Ribeiro
Brasilia, DF 70919-970
Brazil

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