AIDS Treatment and Intrahousehold Resource Allocations: Children's Nutrition and Schooling in Kenya

48 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2007

See all articles by Harsha Thirumurthy

Harsha Thirumurthy

University of Pennsylvania; Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics, University of Pennsylvania; University of Pennsylvania - Population Studies Center

Joshua Graff Zivin

Columbia University - Department of Health Policy and Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Markus Goldstein

World Bank

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 2007

Abstract

The provision of life-saving antiretroviral (ARV) treatment has emerged as a key component of the global response to HIV/AIDS, yet little is known about the impact of this intervention on the welfare of children whose parents receive treatment. In this working paper CGD post-doctoral fellow Harsha Thirumurthy and his co-authors use longitudinal household survey data collected in collaboration with a treatment program in western Kenya to provide the first estimate of the impact of ARV treatment on children's schooling and nutrition. They find that children's weekly hours of school attendance increase by over 20 percent within six months after treatment is initiated for the adult household member. Young children's short-term nutritional status also improves dramatically. Since the improvements in children's schooling and nutrition at these critical early ages will affect their socio-economic outcomes in adulthood, the authors argue that the widespread provision of ARV treatment is also likely to generate significant long-run macroeconomic benefits.

Keywords: antiretroviral drugs, ARVs, HIV/AIDS, Kenya, children school attendance, children nutrition

JEL Classification: I10, I20, I31, I32

Suggested Citation

Thirumurthy, Harsha and Zivin, Joshua Graff and Goldstein, Markus P., AIDS Treatment and Intrahousehold Resource Allocations: Children's Nutrition and Schooling in Kenya (January 2007). Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 105, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=982927 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.982927

Harsha Thirumurthy (Contact Author)

University of Pennsylvania ( email )

423 Guardian Dr
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics, University of Pennsylvania ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

University of Pennsylvania - Population Studies Center ( email )

PA
United States

Joshua Graff Zivin

Columbia University - Department of Health Policy and Management ( email )

600 West 168th Street, 6th Floor
New York, NY 10032
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Markus P. Goldstein

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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