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Why Barring Settlement Bars Legitimate Suits

Ted M. Sichelman

University of San Diego School of Law

September 13, 2008

Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 18, 2008

Professors David Rosenberg and Steven Shavell recently proposed granting defendants an "option to bar settlement" to discourage frivolous suits filed for a mere "nuisance"-value settlement. By exercising the option, a defendant prevents judicial enforcement of any ensuing settlement agreement between the parties. Rosenberg and Shavell contend that if settlement were foreclosed, a plaintiff would drop its nuisance-value suit, because its costs of litigating to judgment would exceed its expected benefits. They conclude that because defendants would only exercise the option if faced with a nuisance-value suit, adopting it would be socially beneficial. Although an option to bar settlement is an innovative proposal and an important scholarly contribution, this article shows that it could be highly problematic. First, a defendant would often exercise the option in small-stakes, high-cost, meritorious suits, which would decrease social welfare. Second, the option would fail to prevent many high-stakes, low-cost, frivolous suits. Moreover, Rosenberg and Shavell's analysis depends on a problematic definition of "nuisance suit," questionable simplifying assumptions, and speculative empirical assertions. In sum, without additional investigation, it would be folly to adopt an option to bar settlement.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 38

Keywords: nuisance suits, frivolous suits, negative expected value suits, settlement, uncertainty, litigation

JEL Classification: D8, K41

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Date posted: May 16, 2007 ; Last revised: November 4, 2009

Suggested Citation

Sichelman, Ted M., Why Barring Settlement Bars Legitimate Suits (September 13, 2008). Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 18, 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=986234

Contact Information

Ted M. Sichelman (Contact Author)
University of San Diego School of Law ( email )
5998 Alcala Park
San Diego, CA 92110-2492
United States
(619) 260-7512 (Phone)
(619) 260-2748 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://https://www.sandiego.edu/law/faculty/profiles/bio.php?ID=795
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