National Origin Wage Differentials in France: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data

40 Pages Posted: 17 May 2007

See all articles by Romain Aeberhardt

Romain Aeberhardt

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST)

Julien Pouget

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE); National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: May 2007

Abstract

This paper attempts to explain national origin wage differentials in France. Our data come from a matched employer-employee wage survey performed in 2002. Business survey data are matched to many individual-level variables collected in a household survey. The sample of professionals is decomposed into several sub-samples: within each gender, a distinction is made according to the parents' birthplace (France, North Africa and Southern Europe). We perform a switching regression model of wage determination and occupational employment. Our results suggest that earnings differentials mostly reflect differences in the type of jobs taken up by individuals, according to their experience, background and education. This leads us to favor an interpretation in terms of a certain degree of occupational segregation, rather than mere wage discrimination.

Keywords: immigration, discrimination, wage gap, France

JEL Classification: J15, J16, J31, J71

Suggested Citation

Aeberhardt, Romain and Pouget, Julien, National Origin Wage Differentials in France: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data (May 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2779, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=986355

Romain Aeberhardt

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST) ( email )

15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
Malakoff Cedex, 1 92245
France

HOME PAGE: http://www.crest.fr/pageperso/romain.aeberhardt/romain.aeberhardt.htm

Julien Pouget (Contact Author)

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) ( email )

18, Boulevard Adolphe-Pinard
75675 Paris Cedex 14
France

National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS)

3, rue Michel-Ange
Paris cedex 16, 75794
France

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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