Flexible Daily Work Schedules in US Jobs: Formal Introductions?

26 Pages Posted: 23 May 2007 Last revised: 13 Apr 2008

See all articles by Lonnie Golden

Lonnie Golden

Pennsylvania State University - Abington College; Economic Policy Institute; Project for Middle Class Renewal


The incidence of flexible daily work scheduling among workers presumably reflects employers' offering it formally as an organizational productivity-enhancing tool or less formally as a job amenity and/or discretionary employee benefit. Recent US CPS data distinguish whether a worker's flexible schedule is part of a formal workplace program. Probit regression estimation reveals that disparities among workers in their ability to influence their own starting and ending times of work derive largely from the allocation of informal flexibility arrangements according to demographic, hours of work and occupational characteristics. White-collar, long hours, private sector, salaried, nonunion jobs, parents and males have greater access to such scheduling flexibility. This advantage is gained primarily through means other than a formal flexitime plan. Policies promoting implementation of formal programs would enhance equity in access.

Keywords: Flexible Work Schedules, Flexitime, Hours of Work, Informal Workplace Supports

JEL Classification: J22, J23, J41, L23

Suggested Citation

Golden, Lonnie, Flexible Daily Work Schedules in US Jobs: Formal Introductions?. Industrial Relations, January 2009, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=988200 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.988200

Lonnie Golden (Contact Author)

Pennsylvania State University - Abington College ( email )

1600 Woodland Rd.
Abington, PA 19001
United States
215-881-7596 (Phone)
215-881-7333 (Fax)

Economic Policy Institute ( email )

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Washington, DC 20036
United States

Project for Middle Class Renewal ( email )

1408 W. Gregory Dr.
Urbana, IL 61801
United States

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