Risky Choice and the Relative Size of Stakes
31 Pages Posted: 29 May 2007 Last revised: 6 May 2008
Date Written: May 2008
We examine framing effects by analyzing how risky choice depends on the absolute and relative size of the amounts at stake, using an extensive sample of choices from ten different editions of the large-stake TV game show Deal or No Deal. Our analyses within and across the samples suggest that risky choice is highly sensitive to the context, as defined by the initial set of prizes in the game. In each sample, contestants respond in a similar way to the stakes relative to their initial level, even though the initial level differs widely across the various editions. Amounts therefore appear to be primarily evaluated relative to a subjective frame of reference rather than in terms of their absolute monetary value.
Keywords: Decision making under risk, Framing, Expected utility theory, Prospect theory
JEL Classification: D81, C93
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation