Downloading Wisdom from Online Crowds
University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School
The internet contains billions of documents, is there useful information in the number of websites about different topics? We propose, based on the premise that the occurrence of a phenomenon increases the likelihood that people write about it, that the relative frequency of documents discussing a phenomenon can be used to proxy for the corresponding occurrence-frequency. After establishing the conditions under which such proxying is likely to be successful, we construct proxies for a number of demographic variables in the US and for corruption across US states and countries, obtaining average correlations with occurrence-frequencies of 0.46 and 0.61 respectively. We also replicate results from two separate published papers establishing the correlates of corruption. Finally, we construct the first index of corruption in US cities and study its correlates.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 48
Keywords: Proxy variables, econometrics, corruption, integration of beliefs, survey, internet, document
JEL Classification: B41, C42, C81, R10, J00
Date posted: June 3, 2007 ; Last revised: June 19, 2014