Globalization, Job Creation and Inequality: The Challenges and Opportunities on Both Sides of the Offshoring Divide

25 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2007

See all articles by Ashok Bardhan

Ashok Bardhan

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

Date Written: October 2006

Abstract

This essay analyzes issues surrounding the impact of offshoring, an iconic manifestation of globalization in its present stage, on job creation and inequality on both sides of the geo-economic divide, focusing simultaneously on the US, the leading country involved in services offshoring, and on India, the primary beneficiary of this process. The paper traces the evolution of offshoring through different stages: from manufacturing to services, and more recently, offshoring of innovative activity and R&D. Some of the questions raised by this exercise are: What are the dilemmas involved in economically feasible yet socially responsible approaches, which can help reconcile what may seem to be contradictory and conflicting objectives on the two sides? What issues come up while trying to promote job creation in developed countries and broader social development in the developing countries, in the context of offshoring?

Keywords: offshoring, outsourcing, globalization, inequality, job creation, innovation, India, US, software, technology

JEL Classification: F00, F02, F20, J30, J60

Suggested Citation

Bardhan, Ashok, Globalization, Job Creation and Inequality: The Challenges and Opportunities on Both Sides of the Offshoring Divide (October 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=990993 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.990993

Ashok Bardhan (Contact Author)

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business ( email )

545 Student Services Building, #1900
2220 Piedmont Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
839
Abstract Views
3,674
rank
27,480
PlumX Metrics