Financial Openness and the Chinese Growth Experience

71 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2007

See all articles by Geert Bekaert

Geert Bekaert

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics

Campbell R. Harvey

Duke University - Fuqua School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative

Christian T. Lundblad

University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School

Date Written: June 2007

Abstract

We reflect on China's economic performance from the perspective of the experiences of a broad panel of countries. We formulate an econometric framework building on standard growth regressions that allows us to measure the impact of various factors on economic growth and growth variability. As China has become more and more integrated into the world's economic and financial landscape, we devote special attention to measures of (de jure) financial openness. We also document how the real effects of openness are impacted by financial development, political risk, and the quality of institutions. Standard growth regressions cannot explain China's extraordinary growth experience and we fail to find an important role for foreign trade and foreign direct investment. In contrast, the sheer volume of investment has played a significant role in China's growth. As China's per capita GDP continues to grow, it must find sustainable sources of growth. We identify a more efficient financial sector, less state ownership higher quality of government institutions and full financial openness as important factors. Interaction analysis suggests that the beneficial effects of financial openness first require further financial and institutional development. China is less of an outlier in its growth variability experience but achieved high growth with surprisingly low growth volatility.

JEL Classification: E32, F30, F36, F43, G15, G18, G28

Suggested Citation

Bekaert, Geert and Harvey, Campbell R. and Lundblad, Christian T., Financial Openness and the Chinese Growth Experience (June 2007). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=991640 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.991640

Geert Bekaert (Contact Author)

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

Campbell R. Harvey

Duke University - Fuqua School of Business ( email )

Box 90120
Durham, NC 27708-0120
United States
919-660-7768 (Phone)
919-660-8030 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative ( email )

215 Morris St., Suite 300
Durham, NC 27701
United States

Christian T. Lundblad

University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School ( email )

Kenan-Flagler Business School
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3490
United States
919-962-8441 (Phone)

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