A Decade's Story of Childhood Malnutrition Inequality in China: Where You Live Does Matter

Posted: 10 Jun 2007

See all articles by Zhuo Adam Chen

Zhuo Adam Chen

University of Georgia; University of Nottingham, Ningbo; University of Chicago

David Eastwood

University of Tennessee, Knoxville - College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources - Department of Agricultural Economics

Steven T. Yen

University of Tennessee - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Abstract

A concentration index methodology to analyze the inequality in childhood malnutrition in China is outlined. Height-for-age z score is used as a measure of childhood malnutrition. Using household survey data from nine Chinese provinces, it is found that per-capita household income, household head's education, urban residence and access to a bus-stop reduced malnutrition. Child's age had a nonlinear effect on the malnutrition status. Income growth and access to public transportation reduced the inequality, while rural-urban gap, provincial differentiation, and unequal distribution of household head's education increased inequality in childhood malnutrition. Gender is found to be not relevant for either malnutrition status or inequality. Investments in infrastructure and welfare programs are recommended to reduce the inequality in childhood malnutrition.

Keywords: Childhood malnutrition, China, Concentration index, Decomposition, Health inequality

JEL Classification: D63, I12, J13

Suggested Citation

Chen, Zhuo and Eastwood, David and Yen, Steven T., A Decade's Story of Childhood Malnutrition Inequality in China: Where You Live Does Matter. iHEA 2007 6th World Congress: Explorations in Health Economics Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=991815

Zhuo Chen (Contact Author)

University of Georgia ( email )

Athens, GA 30602-6254
United States
7065429146 (Phone)

University of Nottingham, Ningbo ( email )

199 Taikang East Road
Ningbo, Zhejiang 315100

University of Chicago ( email )

1101 East 58th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

David Eastwood

University of Tennessee, Knoxville - College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

Knoxville, TN 37901-107
United States

Steven T. Yen

University of Tennessee - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

Knoxville, TN 37996-4518
United States

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