Equilibrium Theory of Stock Market Crashes
41 Pages Posted: 2 Jul 2010 Last revised: 9 Aug 2017
Date Written: 2008
We consider an equilibrium in illiquid stock market in which liquidity suppliers trade with investors and face significant trading costs. A similar situation was observed during the recent financial crisis. We find that the expected risk premium on the stock and its Sharpe ratio are positive and very large, while the expected stock return volatility is a few times bigger than in the liquid market. Investors sell stock shares due to their excessive leverage, whereas market makers try to compensate their trading costs with the profits expected from buying the stock shares with very high Sharpe ratio. Moreover, the short-term stock returns exhibit either a strong overreaction or a momentum effect depending on the state of the economy.
Keywords: General Equilibrium, Financial Crisis, Liquidity, Asset Pricing
JEL Classification: G11, G12
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