Knowledge Spillovers and Entrepreneurs’ Export Orientation

31 Pages Posted: 18 Jun 2007

See all articles by Dirk De Clerq

Dirk De Clerq

Brock University - Faculty of Business

Jolanda Hessels

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)

Andre J. van Stel

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Economics

Date Written: June 8, 2007

Abstract

We draw on knowledge spillover literature to suggest that a country’s level of foreign direct investment (FDI) and international trade may influence the export orientation of its entrepreneurs, which in turn may relate to the country’s total level of entrepreneurial activity. Macro-level data from 34 countries during 2002–2005 indicate that a country’s outward FDI, export, and import positively affect entrepreneurs’ export orientation, but these effects differ in how fast they manifest themselves. Furthermore, the extent to which a country’s entrepreneurs engage in export-oriented activities affects the subsequent emergence of new businesses. These findings have important implications for research and practice.

Keywords: Export orientation, Knowledge spillovers, Country-level entrepreneurship

Suggested Citation

De Clercq, Dirk and Hessels, Jolanda and van Stel, Andre J., Knowledge Spillovers and Entrepreneurs’ Export Orientation (June 8, 2007). ERIM Report Series Reference No. ERS-2007-038-ORG. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=992368

Dirk De Clercq (Contact Author)

Brock University - Faculty of Business ( email )

St. Catharines, Ontario L2S 3A1
Canada

Jolanda Hessels

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Andre J. Van Stel

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Economics ( email )

Kahlaische Strasse 10
D-07745 Jena, 07745
Germany

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