Knowledge Spillovers and Entrepreneurs’ Export Orientation
31 Pages Posted: 18 Jun 2007
Date Written: June 8, 2007
We draw on knowledge spillover literature to suggest that a country’s level of foreign direct investment (FDI) and international trade may influence the export orientation of its entrepreneurs, which in turn may relate to the country’s total level of entrepreneurial activity. Macro-level data from 34 countries during 2002–2005 indicate that a country’s outward FDI, export, and import positively affect entrepreneurs’ export orientation, but these effects differ in how fast they manifest themselves. Furthermore, the extent to which a country’s entrepreneurs engage in export-oriented activities affects the subsequent emergence of new businesses. These findings have important implications for research and practice.
Keywords: Export orientation, Knowledge spillovers, Country-level entrepreneurship
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