Citations (3)


Footnotes (192)




William K. Sjostrom Jr.

University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law

Entrepreneurial Business Law Journal, Vol. 2, p. 381, 2007

The Article examines Private Investments in Public Equity (PIPEs), an important source of financing for small public companies. The Article describes common characteristics of PIPE deals, including the types of securities issued and the basic trading strategy employed by hedge funds, the most common investors in small company PIPEs. The Article argues that by investing in a PIPE and promptly selling short the issuer's common stock, a hedge fund is essentially underwriting a follow-on public offering while legally avoiding many of the regulations applicable to underwriters. This regulatory arbitrage makes it possible for hedge funds to secure the advantageous terms responsible for the market-beating returns they have garnered from PIPE investments. Additionally, the article details securities law compliance issues with respect to PIPE transactions and explores recent SEC PIPE-related enforcement actions and regulatory maneuvers. The Article concludes that a more measured and transparent SEC approach to PIPE regulation is in order.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 33

Keywords: PIPE, private investment, public equity

JEL Classification: G30, K22, M13

Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: June 11, 2007 ; Last revised: November 27, 2007

Suggested Citation

Sjostrom, William K., PIPEs. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=992467

Contact Information

William K. Sjostrom Jr. (Contact Author)
University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law ( email )
P.O. Box 210176
Tucson, AZ 85721-0176
United States

Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 11,558
Downloads: 3,570
Download Rank: 1,868
Citations:  3
Footnotes:  192
Paper comments
No comments have been made on this paper