A Direct Test of the Homevoter Hypothesis
38 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2007 Last revised: 21 May 2012
Date Written: May 21, 2012
We propose a methodology that facilitates a direct test of the homevoter hypothesis, which posits that homeowners vote in favor of public projects they perceive increase residential property values and against those that do not. First, we estimate how pre-referendum events that signal a higher probability that the public project will be undertaken impact local residential property values before the referendum is held. These pre-referendum impacts are considered noisy signals to homeowners about the market’s assessment of the net marginal benefits of the project. Second, we aggregate these market signals to the precinct level and relate them to precinct-level voting results concerning the proposed project. We apply this two-step approach to the 2004 referendum in Arlington, Texas, for a publicly subsidized stadium for the NFL Dallas Cowboys. The analysis supports the homevoter hypothesis and establishes a possible methodology for future evaluations in this small but growing empirical literature.
Keywords: stadiums, sports economics, hedonic model
JEL Classification: R58, H71, L83
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation