The Equity and Poverty Impacts of Aquaculture: Insights from the Philippines

22 Pages Posted: 18 Jun 2007

See all articles by Xavier Irz

Xavier Irz

Food Standards Agency, Economics Branch/ARD

James R. Stevenson

Oxfam International - Great Britain

Arnold Tanoy

Centre De Coopération Internationale En Recherche Agronomique Pour Le Développement (CIRAD) - Département des Productions Fruitières et Horticoles (CIRAD-FLHOR)

Portia Villarante

Centre De Coopération Internationale En Recherche Agronomique Pour Le Développement (CIRAD) - Département des Productions Fruitières et Horticoles (CIRAD-FLHOR)

Pierre Morissens

Independent

Abstract

Recent literature is sceptical about the ability of aquaculture development to enhance equity and reduce poverty. This article investigates the issue empirically by surveying 148 households randomly selected in five coastal communities of the Philippines. There is overwhelming evidence that aquaculture benefits the poor in important ways and that it is perceived very positively by poor and non-poor alike. In particular, the poor derive a relatively larger share of their income from it than the rich, and a lowering of the poverty line only reinforces this result. A Gini decomposition exercise also shows unambiguously that aquaculture represents an inequality-reducing source of income, providing employment to a large number of unskilled workers in communities characterised by large labour surpluses.

Suggested Citation

Irz, Xavier and Stevenson, James R. and Tanoy, Arnold and Villarante, Portia and Morissens, Pierre, The Equity and Poverty Impacts of Aquaculture: Insights from the Philippines. Development Policy Review, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 495-516, July 2007, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=993286 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7679.2007.00382.x

Xavier Irz (Contact Author)

Food Standards Agency, Economics Branch/ARD ( email )

Aviation House, 125 Kingsway
London, WC2B 6NH
United Kingdom

James R. Stevenson

Oxfam International - Great Britain

274 Banbury Road
Oxford OX2 7DZ
United Kingdom

Arnold Tanoy

Centre De Coopération Internationale En Recherche Agronomique Pour Le Développement (CIRAD) - Département des Productions Fruitières et Horticoles (CIRAD-FLHOR)

TA 50/04 Avenue Agropolis
Montpellier, Cedex 5 34 398
France

Portia Villarante

Centre De Coopération Internationale En Recherche Agronomique Pour Le Développement (CIRAD) - Département des Productions Fruitières et Horticoles (CIRAD-FLHOR)

TA 50/04 Avenue Agropolis
Montpellier, Cedex 5 34 398
France

Pierre Morissens

Independent ( email )

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