On the Efficiency of Public, Welfare and Private Hospitals in Germany Over Time - A Sectoral DEA-Study
Health Services Management Research, Vol. 14, pp. 263-274, 2001
27 Pages Posted: 18 Jun 2007
This paper examines the efficiency of the German hospital sector over time and the relative efficiency of public, welfare (both nonprofit) and private (for-profit) hospital sectors using data from the Federal Statistics Office of German hospitals. Efficiency scores were computed using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The absolute efficiency of the hospital sector as a whole was found to have improved between 1991 and 1996. In this comparison, the empirical results showed that the hospitals in the public and the welfare sector are relatively more efficient than the hospitals in private ownership.
Our results suggest that ownership affects efficiency as measured here: (1) public, welfare and private hospital sectors have different best practice frontiers, and (2) public and welfare hospital sectors appear to use relatively fewer resources. These results suggest differences in quality of care arising from ownership.
Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), Germany, Health Care, Hospital Management, Hospital Efficiency
JEL Classification: I11, I12, I18, H51, L10
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